The rich culture of Rajasthan is showcased through its majestic forts, royal palaces, vibrant festivals, delicious cuisine, performing arts and even traditional costumes. Traditional clothing is colorful and elaborate and is still a source of pride for Rajasthan people. Here is an introduction to traditional Rajasthani clothing.Traditional women's dress The traditional dress of women in Rajasthan is the ghagra, choli (also known as kanchli or kurti) and odhni. The ghagra is a full-length embroidered pleated skirt available in a variety of colors, prints and fabrics such as silk, cotton, georgette and crepe.Among all the different prints, laharia, bandhej, tie-dye, chundri and mothra are the most popular. To impart regal elegance, antique borders and Jaipuri gota-patti work are incorporated into the ghagra. A kanchli, choli or kurti is an upper body garment. It is intricately colored and designed and shaped to specific body dimensions. For an ethnic touch, they are embellished with mirror work, beads and sequins, coral and shells, and creative cutouts.An odhni or chunar is a long piece of cloth, about 2.5 meters long and 1.5 meters wide, used as a veil. It is made of a light-colored printed or patchwork fabric and decorated with embroidery, beads or other embellishments. It can be worn in different ways, but the most traditional way is to tuck a corner into the gaigra, leave the middle part against the chest and drape the ends over the shoulders and over the top of the head to gracefully cover it. . . Traditional women's accessoriesDelicate necklaces such as Jadau, aad (short necklace) and Rani Haar (necklace that reaches the navel) costumes are worn around the neck, especially by women from wealthy families.The women of tribes such as Bhil, Meena or Garasia prefer to wear copper, silver or white metal jewelry. Kaanbali or surliya (earrings), nathani (nose studs), bajubandh (bracelets), rakhdi or borla (maang tikkas), tagdi or kardhani (belly or waist chain), payal (ankle), bangadi (bracelet ), bichuwa (ankle ring)) and rings are also worn to complete the set. Traditional clothing for menTraditional clothing for men in Rajasthan is the dhoti and the angarkha, or pajama kurta. A dhoti is a long piece of cloth tied around the waist and wrapped between the legs like a loincloth.It is associated with the angarkha, a garment characterized by an inner panel covering the chest. Angarkha is usually worn by the wealthy class. However, some tribal and pastoral communities have adopted it and reserved it for special occasions. The dress varies in length and flare. The royal Rajput tribe prefers to wear the flared ankle-length anjaka, while other communities and tribal groups wear knee-length or shorter versions.For everyday wear, men wear an angarkhi (or puthia), which is short and tied with laces instead of buttons. Rajasthani men wear dhoti, angarkha and pagariPajamas look like sweatpants and are usually made of cotton. It is associated with kurta or mufti which is a loose shirt. Although it is usually knee-length, today Rajasthani men can choose the length and pattern of this traditional garment as they please.Traditional clothing is incomplete without a pagri (turban or head covering), usually 2 meters long and 0.5 meters long.2 meters wide. It comes in many colors, shapes and sizes and is considered a man's pride and honor. There are different ways to wear it, each defining a particular region or caste. Specially designed pagaris called safas (short and wide in size) are worn at weddings and festivals, while everyday pagaris have a rustic style. Traditional Men's AccessoriesTo complete the look, men wore round blades or studs on their earlobes and necklaces of crystal beads or semi-precious stones.Influential families and members of the royal family also wore a kamarband (belt) and a patka, a piece of cloth over the shoulder.Footwear for men and women Juttis or mojaris are worn by men and women in Rajasthan. Made of sheepskin, camel or goatskin, these leather shoes are richly embroidered and embellished. While traditional shoes are usually black or brown, nowadays there are more elegant multi-coloured loafers.ShoesThese shoes are called Mojaris or Jootis and are made of animal skins and decorated with embroidery on velvet or brocade.Both men and women wear them. Shoes from cities like Jaipur, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer are worn across the country.Textiles of RajasthanRajasthan is also known for various prints and textiles such as-• Bagru Prints • Sanganeri Prints• Leheriya - A Tie Dye• Bandhani - A Tie Dye • Barmeri Prints 44 -dye• Kota DoriaIt's safe to say that much of the uniqueness and vibrancy of this northwest Indian state stems from its unique clothing culture. It is commendable that a country with a large area of sandy land, sparse vegetation and water scarcity has such a rich history and culture. They dress beautifully, even on a daily basis, and celebrate what makes their culture unique every day.It can be said that Rajasthani fashion is classic and known worldwide. Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh Traditional CostumeKnown as the "heart of India" due to its location in central India, Madhya Pradesh is known for its incredible culture. Although the state shares some cultural similarities with states like Rajasthan and Maharashtra, it still has its own unique culture. It is a place of vibrant folk music and dance from the Mughal period which is still intact. Madhya Pradesh handicrafts are highly sought after for their intricate designs.The state is home to followers of different religions such as Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, and Buddhism. Much of the population belongs to tribal communities, accounting for 20% of the state's total population. This diversity ofcommunities makes Madhya Pradesh a unique culture that can be described as both traditional and ethnic. An important element of Madhya Pradesh culture is its traditional dress. In the modern world, the people of Madhya Pradesh still maintain their heritage of traditional clothing.Below is an overview of the traditional clothing worn by the men and women of Madhya Pradesh.Traditional Men's Garments of Madhya PradeshThe dhoti is a famous traditional men's costume of Madhya Pradesh. It is comfortable and ideal for summer. The Safa, a type of headscarf, is another common element of traditional men's attire here. The Safa is considered a symbol of pride and honor for a man.Mirzai and Bandi are white or black jackets that are part of the traditional attire of men in Madhya Pradesh, especially in Malwa and Bundelkhand regions. The people of Madhya Pradesh love to add color to their attire that is why these garments are colorful and vibrant.Madhya Pradesh women's traditional dressLehenga and Choli are the best known traditional dresses of Madhya Pradesh women. An Odhni is a scarf that covers the head and shoulders and is an essential part of traditional attire. Black and red are the most popular colors in clothing.In this case, sarees are also part of the Madhya Pradesh women's dress code. Bandhani sarees are becoming especially popular. Sarees are dyed using different methods to create delicate and colorful designs. Wax is applied to the threads of the sari to give stiffness and richness to the easy to weave fabric. Madhya Pradesh is also famous for Maheshwari and Chanderi Sarees.Even foreigners love these silk sarees and Madhya Pradesh also produces and exports these dresses in droves. Beautifully printed and designed in vibrant colors.Madhya Pradesh Traditional Ornaments and Tattoos People ofMadhya Pradesh love to wear Kathir and Silvers ornaments. These traditional adornments are an important part of tribal attire. Bracelets, necklaces and bangles are worn by women over their traditional dress and are considered signs of beauty and virtue.'Pajeb' is another very popular decoration for women because of its melodious sound and beautiful design.Another important part of traditional Madhya Pradesh attire is the tattoo. Tattoo designs are very popular among rural and tribal communities. The people of Bajra, Bhil, Kumhar, Bhilala and Kahar have tattoos on their hands and foreheads. Most tattoos feature spiritual designs or the name of a loved one.West BengalColors, ethnic prints and accessories form an important part of the traditional attire of Madhya Pradesh men and women. Even though the influence of western style is now evident and men and women are adapting to the latest clothing styles, they still prefer to wear traditional clothes for important occasions like weddings, festivals or parties. West Bengal is a state rich in culture and history. Every corner of the streets of West Bengal has a story to share. Not only has this country given us some of the most famous names in the country, but it also happens to be a place rich in civilization.Known for its distinctive features, West Bengal dress is perhaps the most popular example of our culture.Clothing for menThe traditional clothing of Bangladeshi men is the burqa. The trim or kurta associated with the dhoti is called panjabi. In the past, especially in British times, sashes were synonymous with white. Today, however, loincloths are available in a wide range of attractive colors that add a new twist to outfits.Punjabi or kurtas are usually made of silk or cotton and reach to the knees. A lungi happens to be another variant of men's clothing. It's more of a casual, laid-back indoor look.Women's DressesSarees are the iconic traditional clothing of women in West Bengal. The sarees capture the essence of the culturally rich state of West Bengal.Even the draped style of Bengali women's sarees is very distinct and has now become a more prominent feature. Sarees are mainly woven from cotton and silk and are mainly named for their weaving techniques. The traditional weavers or Tantis of West Bengal are world renowned for the quality of their spun fabrics and wide range of yarn work. Different varieties of saris are woven with utmost efficiency and dedication in different parts of Bangladesh like Murshidabad, Malda, Nadia, Birbhum, Bankura and Hooghly. Traditional JewelryWest Bengal jewelry is as much about beauty, tradition and modernity as it is about rituals and customs.It is pure enchantment! It leaves intact the cultural race of the nation.Traditional jewelry consists of a pati hair which is a heavy necklace. Bengali jewelry is mostly made of gold and gemstones.Jhumko are well-made and intricately designed earrings, often with beautiful floral designs.Nath or nose ring is like normal nath in North India except it is encircled like size. Choker is a small necklace which is worn around the neck.Chur is a traditional gold bracelet from West Bengal, made entirely of pure gold, sometimes weighing up to 50 grams.Modernization of Traditional DressFashion affects everyone and everything these days and Bengali traditional dress has lost its mass influence somewhere. Western clothing and other substitutes take their place.What was once everyday wear is now reserved for special occasions and festivals. These outfits are still very popular thanks to Bollywood and its obsession with Bengali culture. But overall, Bengali cultural dress is largely responsible for preserving the country's heritage and will be passed down from generation to generation!AssamCustoms of AssamCustoms and traditions play an important role in society and Assamese strictly follow the customs established by their ancestors for the community. These customs are beliefs that originated in the past and have been passed down from generation to generation ever since.Weddings, births, deaths and festivals in Assam include many customs that everyone should observe. For example, the Assamese are committed to bamboo culture and use bamboo to welcome guests. Known as Jaapi, it is basically known as Assam's sunscreen. It is made from bamboo strips and dried palm leaves known locally as Tokow Pat. There are many types of Jaapi, such as Halua Jaapi, Pitha Jaapi, Sorudoiya Jaapi, Bordoiya Jaapi, Cap, etc.These Jaapis were also used as turbans in the past, mainly by wealthy and noble families. Also used by farmers and farmers as umbrellas in rice fields. The Assamese have always believed in the joint family system, which still prevails in tribal and non-tribal communities. The rule followed by the succession is called Dayabhaga. Even today, the system is still going strong.According to custom, as long as the father is alive, the child cannot claim to inherit the father's property. Some tribes follow customs such as matriarchy, where the mother is the center of the tribe and her property is passed down to her daughters. If there is no daughter, it is passed on to her sister's youngest daughter. It is a common practice in Dimasa-Kacharis that sons inherit their father's property and daughters inherit their mother's property.Dhoti and GamosaDhoti and Gamosa are believed to be the native clothing of men in Assam.The dhoti is used to cover the lower body and is also a known garment in other Indian traditions. Wearing a Dhoti properly is not easy and wearing it is also a daunting task. Gamosa is a rectangular piece of cloth which is an important part of Assamese culture. Gamosa means "a cloth used to wipe the body" and is a white cloth with a beautiful red border on three sides and the rest is woven in a pattern. It is a garment of great importance in this state, and as such is also used to recognize and commemorate those who have made great achievements.Gamosa can be used as a wiping cloth or made into a vest, commonly known as Tongali. Can also be used as a loincloth for lake dancers. Mekhela Chador - Traditional dress of AssamMekhela Chador is the traditional dress of Assamese women. It is worn by women of all ages except children. This two-piece garment has a long piece of fabric that hangs down at the waist and is then folded into pleats and tucked in.This piece is called Mekhela. The upper part of the skirt is chador, also a long piece of cloth, one end is tucked into the Mekhela and the rest is worn around the body. This chador is adorned with triangular frills, the art of which can only be mastered through practice. Wearing these traditional dresses is not for everyone and can be a daunting task at times. The battle for traditional Assam dress does not end there.Assam is home to various tribes who have passed down their traditions from generation to generation. Each of these tribes has its own culture, traditions, way of life and dress. Digging deeper into Assam, let's take a look at the artistic attire of several major tribes living in Assam.Traditional jeweleryJewelery is generally hand- made, with designs representing flora and fauna. People desire to wear fine and unique gold and silver jewelry and all kinds of jewelry.Jewelry is simple, decorated with rubies or mina. The traditional clothes worn by men are Biri, Magardana, Matamoni, Kundal and Lokaparo and by women are Keru, Karphul, Kharu, Aargathi, Nalak, Keyur and Nupur.
Indian clothing has been developing for a long time. In fact, the earliest evidence of weaving and dyeing cotton fabrics dates back to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization around 7,000 years ago. Over the years, its people have left clues to Indian customs, culture and fashion through epic legends like the Mahabharata and magnificent rock carvings including the famous Ellora Caves. In fact, clothing is as much a part of Indian history as food and religion (even cricket!).Since those early days, the subcontinent has produced a great deal of finely woven clothing, with different styles of men's and women's clothing everywhere. Apart from gender and geography, what most defines Indian attire is class and caste. The upper classes of society still wear gold ornaments and fine threads like Munin, while the lower classes are forced to be more refined.Over time, outside influences such as the Silk Road trade, British colonization and Western homogenization reduced the popularity of traditional Indian clothing. Yet the ancient tradition remains strong across the country, and - even today - the bodies of its proud traditional residents can still be seen adorning it.Clothing for Indian womenIndian women wear simple but colorful clothing, taking great care not to expose their skin too much, no matter how humid the climate.1- SareeThe most common Indian women's garment is the classic and colorful saree. In fact, regional variations of the sartorial archetype can be found in every corner of the subcontinent. Although it looks like a skirt, a sari is actually a long piece of fabric - ranging from 13 feet to 30 feet - that wraps tightly around a woman's body. Most choose to start at the waist and end at the shoulders to expose the midriff, although each area wraps around slightly differently.Special occasions like weddings call for more delicate pink or red sarees.2- Mundum NeriyathumThe original ancient form of saris is Mundum Neriyathum, a similar design just to cover the legs. Mundum Neriyathum, still used today, comes from the hot and humid state of Kerala, where women lived without a trace before the arrival of Muslims from the Middle East. Now, of course, light tops are worn over it.3- Salwaar KameezAnother famous dress that attracts Indian women is the Salwaar Kameez.Although it may look like a saree at first glance, the attire is quite different. This is not a wrapping cloth, but a complete costume. This outfit consists of a salwaar (loose pants gathered at the ankle) and a kameez (richly decorated tunic). To complete the look, many women like to add a dupatta or odani, a unique veil that covers the head and shoulders.Salwaar Kameez is native to northwestern India, particularly Punjab and Himachal Pradesh.However, nowadays this popular outfit can be seen almost all over the country and is becoming more and more popular with Bollywood movie stars. Indian clothing for menTraditional clothing for men in India is often adapted to the climate. Don't be surprised to see men wearing what appear to be skirts.1- DhotiFew Indian garments are as ubiquitous as the dhoti. Considered the national dress of India, its practical use soon led to it becoming the unofficial uniform of countless remote villages across the country.City smarts also sometimes prefer whitewashed suits, including a long-sleeved shirt and waist apron.Best of all, the energy efficient design is popular in warmer regions as it provides significant relief from the scorching afternoon sun. Other colors and combinations are often worn for special occasions and occasions.2- Nehru JacketLike Indian clothing, these exotic styles are rarely found in wardrobes overseas. An exception is the Nehru jacket, which has a slim fit much like a western executive suit.After becoming a staple of men's formal wear in India in the 1940s, it is finally starting to catch the interest of trend setters overseas.International adoption hit a fever pitch after The Beatles started wearing the garment after returning from a creative and meditative holiday in Rishikesh at the height of their career. Since then, Nehru has been spotted in everyone from monkeys to James Bond villains. Interestingly, Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister, never wore the jacket that would later bear his name. He prefers a slightly different style called sherwani.3- Achkan and SherwaniThese two staples of Indian ceremonial wear are almost indistinguishable for the layman despite their apparent nobility. The two elegant sets consist of a blazer worn over leggings or a loincloth wrap. The main difference between this jacket and the Nehru jacket is that the former is longer and falls below the knee instead of above the thigh.4- LungiFirst-time visitors to India may be surprised to see so many men wearing white shawls, much like sarongs. However, there are good reasons for this.Much of India is scorching before the monsoon season. Many men prefer Lungi over pants because of the extra breathability the garment provides. This added convenience has become so popular that this item has also been adopted by neighboring Asian countries.Accessories and HeadwearPerhaps the most striking aspect of traditional Indian clothing is the many exotic headwear and accessories adorning both men and women. In many regions, men wear turbans that vary in color and style according to religious and cultural preferences.Women, on the other hand, are known for their fascination with jewelry. The nose, ears, mouth and navel are regularly pierced and encased in various sparkling gemstones and gold chains. But who can forget the bracelet? Some women wear a dozen or more standard Indian jewelry.You won't spend a fortune assembling an exciting Indian wardrobe, and you'll get plenty of smiles and goodwill from the friendly locals you meet along the way.Jammu & KashmirThe garments of Jammu & Kashmir are renowned for their intricate embroidery and patterns, reflecting the rich culture and landscape of the region. The shape of the garment is designed to counter the cold climate of the region. Most clothes are made of wool, silk and cotton with intricate embroidery.Traditional Poots & Pheran is the most popular form of clothing for men and women with Mughal turbans, turbans, taranga belts and colorful scarves.Kashmiri Women's ClothingPheran is the main garment worn by Kashmiri women.The pheran worn by women usually has a Zari with embroidery on the hem, around the pockets, mainly in the collar area. Ladies prefer suits and Burghas in summer and Pherans in autumn. Hindu womenPheranHindu women in Kashmir wear long pherans which reach to the feet and have narrow sleeves which are rolled up at the bottom. Pherans are often wrapped tightly around their waists with a crumpled cloth called lungi. Hindu women are now starting to wear sarees but according to the culture of Kashmir region, they have to wear taranga sarees on their wedding day.Headgear – TarangaKashmiri women's headgear is a brightly colored scarf or taranga sewn onto a hanging hat that tapers at the back towards the heel. Taranga is an integral part of Hindu wedding attire.JEWELSEarrings, anklets, bracelets, useful for various purposes other than the decoration of clothing. Dejharoos or gold pendants (mangal-sutra of Kashmiri panditani) are worn by Indian women. These Dejharoos consist of two decorative gold pendants suspended from gold chains or silk threads.It symbolizes the marital status of Kashmiri Pandit women.For Muslim womenPherans The pherans worn by Muslim women are traditionally characterized by wide sleeves, reaching the knees. Delicate Zari embroidery or floral designs around the neck and pockets are a distinguishing feature of Pheran for Muslim women. Brocade patterns adorn their long sleeves. The pherans are tightly wrapped in a crumpled cloth called a Lungi or Pashmina shawl.HeadgearThe headgear they wear looks a lot like Talanga. The headdress is red and tied across the forehead like a turban, fastened with silver charms and brooches. The traditional turban is made of fine wool and is thick enough to keep people warm during the extreme Kashmir winters.is known as Kasaba red headwear and abaya. It is worn by Muslim women as part of their regular attire, and the abaya is also commonly worn by them.Unmarried Hui girls wear head coverings embroidered with gold thread and are decorated with trinkets, pendants, amulets, etc.JewelryMuslim women are very fond of wearing a chain of earrings. Silver jewelry is popular among Muslim women who adorn themselves with ornate necklaces, bracelets and necklaces.Kashmiri Men's ClothingKashmiri Men's PheranKashmiri Hindu and Muslim men usually dress in the pheran, a loose robe that falls below the knees. The men wear tight-fitting shalwar (Muslim) or churidar (Pandit) skullcaps and pajamas.The traditional Indian male attire, the pheran, is always plain with narrow sleeves, an open collar on the left chest, lapel or lace. ThePhéran is a loose fleece garment using Kangri. Kangri is an earthen jar filled with hot coals. Pathani suits, also known as Khan robes, are popular among Muslim men, especially in Srinagar.Muslim Men HijabIt is common for Muslim men to wear the hijab.Skullcaps are common, especially among peasants and Karakulians. Men's fur skullcaps with cashmere capes often symbolized royal blood. Muslim men wear slip-on shoes called Gurgabis. Hindu Male HeadgearTheturban is the traditional headgear of Pandit men in Kashmir, although its use is now very limited. This turban is not much different from the turban worn by Muslims, except that Pande does not wear a turban inside.The priestly class among the Pandits wore their turbans in an almost Namdhari Sikh style.GujjarsPeople who live in the hilly regions of Kashmir are known as Gujjars. The women of the Gujjar community wear Kashmiri clothing similar to that of women in Turkish villages. Gujjar women wear loose long sleeved tunics (wide skirts) but they prefer loose sleeves and loose salwars. Their faces were also covered with a thick curtain that came to their shoulders.Gujar women have more than one braid on their hair and they like to hang the braid in front.Dograsis located in the valleys of the state of Kashmir, extending to the plains of Punjab on the southern side. These people are Aryans who usually wear gray wool sweaters and loose pajamas. They also wear a Kamarband or belt. Dogra women wear loose tunics, dupatta, salwar churidars and hats to make their personality attractive.Similar Dogara men wear fitted pajamas and rather long kurtas. The use of kamarbands and turbans is prevalent among the ancient Dogra.Punjab - Traditional Punjab DressPunjab has one of the oldest and richest cultures in the world, displayed in every possible way. It is filled with bright colors and proud people, who express themselves best through their traditional attire.Here is a list of traditional Punjabi clothing and their cultural significance.1. Phulkari - Punjabi Floral HeritagePhulkari means 'flower craft' and its roots in Punjabi culture date back to the 15th century. Vibrant colors are embroidered in a way that speaks volumes about women and their desires in their clothes. It features prominently in Waris Shah's heartbreaking love story Heer-Ranjha, and the creative art of embroidery has not changed in technique since its inception. Women of all ages and classes wear this fabric to reflect their lives through the various colors it wears.It can be woven onto shawls, kurtas, dupattas and lehengas with a mixture of intricate designs and is traditionally worn by Punjabi women on all occasions.2. Jutti - Punjabi Embellished ShoesJutti or Punjabi Jutti have been king for 400 years and are traditionally embroidered on leather with real gold or silver thread. One of the unique features of these handmade shoes is that they have no distinction between the left side and the right side and can be worn on any foot you choose. Both men and women of Punjab wear these most comfortable and stylish flats mainly during weddings and festivals.It is full of charm and exquisite embroidery that epitomizes the Punjabi tradition.3. Patiala Salwar - Rolled Beauty - Traditional Punjabi Attire These loose pleated trousers originated in the Punjabi town called Patiala and were originally worn by men but later became part of women's clothing. It is usually combined with kurti and chunni for women and has a pleated design in the back. It incorporates a variety of modern designs, while maintaining traditional ties to its launch.It is one of the easiest and most comfortable dresses worn by Punjabi women, combining elegance and style.4.The Jama - Trumpet Cloth Jama is a long cloth worn by men in the Punjab region during the Mughal period. The bodice is tight, flared like a skirt to the ankle or knee, and a turban is worn over the head, embodying the majesty of royalty and kings. It was originally a dress for men, but was also worn by women in tight-fitting nightgowns.It features long sleeves which are tied at the armpits for freedom of movement and is yet another comfortable traditional Punjabi attire.5. Punjabi Ghagra - Adds richness to Punjabi femininity Punjabi ghagra is one of the few traditional dresses that has been modernized, it is a quadrangle originating in Punjab but now part of Haryana and Eastern Himachal Pradesh. . This outfit is mostly worn during 'Giddha', a famous Punjabi folk dance performed by women, swirling in enchanting colors while singing folk songs reminiscent of their culture.6.Parandi - A braided accessory decorated with jewels and colored threads, a Parandi or Paranda is a hair accessory used by Punjabi women. Besides that, it also symbolizes love when the bride receives it from her husband as a form of love. In the past, women wore Parandis to enhance their traditional beauty and make their hair longer in the simplest way by weaving intricate locks together and tying them around thick and long hair. Parandis are available in different sizes and colors and can be adorned with ornaments such as necklaces, tikkas, bracelets and golden sequins added on top. It shows the vigor of Punjabi women and is widely used by women all over India.7. Kurta Pajama The most popular traditional attire for Punjabi men includes kurta and pajamas. A kurta is a long-sleeved shirt with side slits. Pajamas are loose, puffy pants closed with drawstrings. However, the kurta can be worn with lungi, dhoti or jeans.HaryanaHaryana Traditional DressesHaryana is one of the most economically developed regions in South Asia and one of the wealthiest states in India. But the people of Haryana are simple, humble and down to earth. Most Haryanvis are engaged in agriculture and are vegetarians. They live a simple life. The same goes for their clothes.Their clothes are functional and simple. Men wear dhoti kurtas and women wear lehenga kurtas. Communities wear their clothes in different ways. Men generally wear white clothes, while women of different castes wear brightly colored clothes.Dhoti Men's Robe Haryanvi Men wear 'dhoti' as trousers.A dhoti is a rectangular piece of cloth wrapped around the waist and legs, tucked in from the center of the waist. The loose ends are tucked in the back for a better fit. Haryana men wear white dhoti and kurta as white is their status symbol.Different castes (Rajput, Brahmin, Bania, Ahir and Jat) wear scarves in different ways.Kurta or shirt Men wear a kurta or shirt on their upper body.The kurta or shirt is usually white.Pagri ThePagris is a scarf or bandana for men. It is a long piece of cloth that is rolled up and wrapped around the head. Although fully sewn Paglios are now available, it should be as easy as putting on a hat. However, in recent years only older men have worn Paglios.FootwearHaryana's traditional footwear is jutti. Juttis are an Indian style shoe similar to mojaris. Juttis are closed shoes that only reach the front half of the foot, so they are easy to wear. The juttis are made of leather in northern India and feature different patterns. Even jute jutti are well known.BlanketMen are sometimes found with a blanket draped over one shoulder, especially in winter. The cover is very light. The most common type of blanket is a dark plaid blanketWomen's clothingWomen from different communities wear different types of clothing.found Jat community women wearing shirts, ghagra and chunder.Shirt Women wear cotton shirts or kurtas with long sleeves.Ghagra (Daaman)Women wear long, loose and flared skirts called ghagra. There are various patterns and designs on Ghagras in very vivid colors. They can also have borders at the bottom. OdhniAn Odhni or chunder is a long piece of thin cloth worn by women over clothing. The chunders have colored borders in different patterns.Women cover their heads with the side of the bat. From the other side to the front waist, the women of the Ahir community wear the angia - lehenga and the chunder.PetticoatLehenga / A petticoat is a long straight skirt. They differ from ghagras because ghagra is more fluid and open.AngiaThe Angia is a fitted shirt in which women should cover the upper body.The shirt only rises halfway up the torso.Odhni - Women use odhni or dupatta on clothes. FootwearHaryana women, like men, wear traditional Indian style footwear. The traditional shoes are called jutti and are worn in most communities in northern India. The women of these communities work in the fields, especially during harvest time.Therefore, these dresses are designed in such a way that they are comfortable to wear. Women from Aggarwal and Brahmin communities wear sarees and sarees with kurta and odhni. A sari garment consists of a blouse, a petticoat and a long cloth called a sari.Wedding Attire A wedding is a big party in India. Wedding events are designed to showcase family happiness and prosperity.According to Indian tradition, women wear brightly colored saris. Many women, especially young women, prefer to wear the salwar-kameez or ghagra with the odhni, which features fine embroidery.Men wearing headscarves and headscarves. However, the kurta they wear is made of fine fabric with some small but spectacular embroideries.JewelryHaryana women prefer to wear their traditional style of jewelry.They usually wear small earrings and gold or silver necklaces or chains.TheKathla is the necklace of the Jat community. They wear it on auspicious days. The Banya wear maras, which are long neck ornaments, usually made of gold, of various designs and patterns, and may have a large pendant in the middle. Haryanvis wears expensive jewelry on big days, festivals and weddings.The ornaments are mainly in silver and gold.Older women prefer to wear Hanshi jewelry. They have a unique style as they are not bendable like regular collars, but are molded to fit a specific shape around the neck. These are silver and are very heavy. Older and younger women also wear a nose piercing called Nath.Influence of Western Culture Due to the influence of Western culture, most men, especially those who travel, have started wearing pants and shirts. Except in big cities, very few women wear suits, pants and tops. Children usually wear tops, pants and skirts. People in Haryana also wear sweaters in December and January.
Jnanadanandini Debi, the wife of Satyendranath Tagore – the brother of famous Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore – is said to have sari fabric covering her bare breasts. Tagore is said to have actively encouraged his wife to adopt Western ideas.The words "blouse" and "petticoat" - both English - entered the Indian vocabulary during the Victorian era. Blouses were also worn under sarees as part of high fashion, and these rather British innovations were considered traditional clothing.Although it can be revealing, due to the cut that leaves the midriff bare, the sari blouse has long been considered elegant and associated with tradition.In India, it is important for a woman to cover her body with a draped cloth here no matter what is underneath.British influence grew over time. We see different types of shirts with varying sleeves and necklines. Image copyright © British Library Council, Photo 1000/46(4641)image captionAt the height of the Victorian era, British and Indian fashion looked remarkably alikeUnlike Britain, India n Didn't have a written code of conduct or guidelines on what to wear What a blazing law. What is deemed suitable spreads by word of mouth.So today's hemlines—which no doubt feel like protecting women by stipulating what they should wear—are following in the footsteps of the political hegemons of yore.Indian women are now more free to do what they want, at least in the cities, but we see dress codes developing and women being judged for what they wear. Some have even linked the clothes to rape.These people don't understand that ideas of modesty are constantly changing, that rape is not the result of what women wear, that's what some men think.Our clothes are our identities.But what we think of as traditional Indian modesty might not be Indian at all, it seems.1910 saree Detail of studio portrait of Princess Sudhira, youngest daughter of Maharajah Cooch Behar. Taken in 1910.Although Gayatri Devi is the most famous, the royals of Cooch Behar who preceded her had a unique style and many were often seen in their outfits which later became standard.The sari here, for example, is draped much like the current 6-yard sari, although Bengali draping was common in the state around 1910.The saree itself is a lightweight fabric, I tend to think of it as sheer chiffon, but I could be wrong. You will often see beaded/embroidered sarees (the very expensive kind) around this time. I don't know the exact term, but chiffon dresses of this period were often beaded. As was common in the early 20th century, in some portraits Palu is pinned across the shoulders and draped over her head, although at least one shows the princess with her hair elegantly cropped.This shirt has Edwardian detailing such as lapels and sleeve detailing (although the trim suggests Indian fabrics).The jewelry was minimal, although the earrings fit what we say "statement".Brahmika Drape I have an anonymous question on tumblr as a previous question on wordpress which I will answer together here as they are somewhat related.1. I see an early 19th century painting of women in blouses and saris. I always thought the shirt was by Jnanadanandini Devi?I think some sort of shirt (and probably some sort of petticoat for ghaghra cholis and related clothing) was still there. Even the Ajanta paintings have some examples. This early 19th century painting is also an example: But I think a formal chemise, often influenced by popular Victorian fashion, and petticoats with saris, was introduced to the West Indies and Bengal in the 1870s Some contemporary and later books refer to stores selling "jackets", a term that differs from choli.Dhurandhar designs from the early 20th century show different styles of shirting, from the native choli to the modified puff-sleeved choli, and more elaborate versions, apparently of Victorian origin, representing a variety of styles after the 1870s.Overall, I think this saree blouse is round but not essential. Especially in the hotter regions of India, sarees will suffice. However, from the 1870s it became an important part of the dress code for educated women, if not all women.1. A few months ago I asked Jnandanandini Devi for an introduction to the Brahmika (Brahmin woman) shawl for the Sisters of Saree.The question is about the difference between the Brahmika drape and the classic Bengali drape and if the only difference is in the shoulder drapes.At the time, I thought there was not much difference between early Bengali saree curtains and Brahmika sarees. But the question was on my mind and I have time to go for a walk during the weekend. Not much progress. While everyone agrees that the Brahmika cloth is new and inspired by the Parsi/Gujarati cloth that Jnanadanandini saw in Mumbai of yore, the exact nature of the earlier cloth is unclear.Instead, more emphasis is placed on the introduction of accessories such as blouses, petticoats, hair nets, etc., which help to make the saree a dress for bhadra (respectable) women. Still, there have been some changes, as there have been many comments that the curtains were messy and the previous curtains were unworthy.The only clear reference I have found is in Rochona Majumdar's book (Marriage and Modernity) where she mentions that the traditional style is the pallu (end of the sari) which is wrapped around the waist or hung from the front instead of the plissé of Brahmika yarn Korea. I don't happen to find many photos from before 1870, except this one.Rabindranatha Tagore's mother is on the left (presumably old fashioned, though I'm not sure if Palu is tucked around the waist and shoulders).On the right is a milkmaid from the 1840s, this drape is somewhat similar to the Brahmika style but without the pleats, just turned over.The Parsi/Gujarati style seen above is the pallu seedha (straight) style with the saree tied on the right shoulder. Brahmika/Bengali style on top. This style lines the edge of the sari in a way that mimics the seedha pallu (more evident in the photo to the left of the 1904 girl*), but the pallu is ultimately discarded and tied around the left shoulder. So it seems that the saree sisters are pleating and arranging the Brahmika sari sarees may be different (although some of the modern Bengali saree draping tutorials inalso have a small ruffle arrangement at the bottom part.Also, the free end can be thrown over the right shoulder). All About BindiThe bindi/pottu/sindoor/tikli - whatever it is called - is probably the most iconic element of Indian dress and has a long history. It is symbolic (as a sign of marital status or caste) and is part of everyday ritual and decoration. Although there are several terms, I will use the term bindi in this article.The Bindi (Kumkum/Sindoor) as a symbol of female marital status is known to most Indians.This may vary by region and does not always involve hair parting, but it is part of Hindu temple weddings, festivals and ceremonies in almost all parts of the country. Its origins are unknown, but it may be a bloodstain marking the bride's entry into a new family, which was replaced with kumkuma, a mixture of turmeric and extinguished lime. Not as commonly worn as it was decades ago, it is still part of ceremonies and is often used with decorative bindis.Her friends apply refreshments to her: fresh lotus leaves, lotus root bracelets, sandalwood paste; they wave to him with flippers.Decorative motifs for the face and body are found in abundance in the Sanskrit texts, some appearing quite elaborate as they begin at the level of the chest and flourish on the face. This practice is most common in the spring and summerand the ingredients used are chilled in nature, with the onset of winter the dough is used minimally, if at all.The designs are usually made of sandalwood, musk and/or saffron and are often referred to as पत्रवाली/patravali (garland of leaves/petals). Cream sandal patterns combined with kumkuma and ash also indicate caste and sect, the latter sometimes being carried forward in males. For women, the use of sandalwood cream on the forehead is now reduced to dots or stripes, often worn with the forehead or as bridal adornment.While sandalwood paste is used to make designs and used as lines/strips, turmeric is used as a strip on the forehead. Like sandals, it is decorative and cultural and used for skin care.Fig. 1: Veena in Samrat Ashok (1946), Fig. 2: Portrait of a woman, 18th century, Fig. 3: Untitled B. Prabha (1960).A little chalk, a little vermilion shone on his forehead, like the sun and the moon rising at the same time on the lotus leaves. InRadha as consort, Harkh'nath.The aforementioned designs of continue in some respects such as the bridal designs on the forehead which can be seen in various parts of India, especially in Bengal where sandalwood paste is often used to create the designs. Pictured is a Gujarati bride (Asha Parekh's character?!), I think maybe in the 60s-70s. Another Gujarati bride here. Themust be a purist in me, but I can't get on the sticker train for that :)Decorative facial designs through tattoos or blackheads are common in rural India and tribal. The three-point chin patch is one of the most common national designs and is expected to appear on screens more often.In pictures: Sreela Majumdar from Mandi (via dhrupad), Vyjayanthimala from Ganga-Jamuna and Nargis from Mother India.The specific design is often seen in medieval and later Indian paintings. An example is the straight lines on the forehead of Deccan women in the MV Dhurandhar illustration. Another example is chandrabindu or moon bindi. He is also a Devanagari character. In bindi form, the dots can be placed inside or outside the semicircle. Although worn elsewhere in western India, it is characteristic of Maharashtra (fig. 1) and can be combined with more lines and dots. A maang tika (eyebrow pendant) can also be used as a type of eyebrow similar to the one in picture 4. design. In 20th century India, certain genres seem to have dominated popular images (read movies) for certain decades.Photographs from the 1940s and 1950s often feature distinct designs that sometimes seem to represent a particular aesthetic of historical or mythological films, but they also appear in more modern advertising shots. Designs can be varied and intricate, although 50s actresses often sport fancy bindis with Bengali (red core with white dots) tips (picture 4).Photo 1: Nalini Jaywant, Photo 2: Sushila Rani, Photo 3: Shakila (Courtesy Photo Department) and Photo 4: Madhubala 44004 The 19440044404419444044 44044 44044 44044 4404 Placement on forehead depends on wearer. Eyebrow shaping also seems to belong in the 30s and 40s.Pictured: Amrita Sher-Gil, Gayatri Devi, Devika Rani, Shanta Hublikar, Leela Chitnis, Miss Gohar.There are also decades without the need to wear a sari with a bindi like in these photos (Image 1: Hansa Wadkar, Image 2: Neena). The "tilaka" or elongated forehead mark came in many forms, some of which had religious functions. It can also appear as an ornament. It is decorative and can be painted according to the wearer's needs.Although it is common among young women in South India, it is also common in other parts of the country. It was often worn by young women in the 50s and 60s - you can see some examples in today's post.Last photo courtesy of the photography department. In the 1970s and 80s the plain round bindi had appeared, which was available in powder or liquid form, but the existence of the Shringar kumkum and the original plain felt bindi meant that the latter was preferred. Then, of course, came the 1990s with the famous decorative felt bindi.Pictured: Rekha, Aruna Mucherla, Swaroop Sampat (still a girl Shringar kumkumBetween the early 20th century Lake Bindi and today's Felt Bindi came the Plastic Sticky Bindi. It is made of hard plastic but flexible Made of plastic with a clear, smooth finish, available in a variety of colors, not hard to see in photos from the 60s and 70s, but never replaced powder and liquid adhesives like their felt counterparts Finally, he appears in his white balm on the body, bright fringed jewelry, robes of white silk with swan-yellow trim, tilaka marks on the forehead, and ornaments around the hair, neck, and armsMen also use various forms of bindi, mainly dots and tilaka.Men also wear a turmeric sandal or strap on their forehead. These are often used as caste marks and consist of a mixture of lines, dots and tilaka. Usually marked with sandals, ash or kumkuma, they are more common in southern and western parts of India. They also serve a decorative purpose, especially for the groom.In pictures: Chief of Gandhara (my photo), Krishna, Chief of Maratha, 1860, Prince of Maratha, late 19th century, Madhava Rao and Sir Pannalal Mehta by Raja Ravi Varma, Maharaja Sayaji Rao, 1902, Mysore raja, M 1906, to.K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Consort. Epilogue: Facial decoration is of course known all over the world, especially in tribal communities. In more urban cultures, bindi-like adornments appeared in Mycenaean Greece and Tang China (and can also be seen in Korean wedding ceremonies today). Especially in the Tang Dynasty, there are many kinds of patterns and colors, but red is the main one.Besides her origin story, the petals fell on the princess's forehead. Nevertheless, the consistent and varied use of the bindi in rituals and decoration appears to be unique to India. Salwar Kameez of the 1940s TheSalwar Kameez is probably less suited to modern times than a sari. In the 20s and 30s, the new style of draped sarees was a popular garment. In the 1940s, salwar kameez (or sometimes churidar kameez) became popular, especially among young female students.While maintaining traditional silhouettes and embellishments such as zari, gota and sequins, new fabrics and prints can be incorporated as well as collars, lace, trims and more. Especially KameezThe most common costumes in the 40s are shown in photos 3 and 4, a kameez that is above knee length, baggy salwar and dupatta. Photos 1 and 2 are Churidar sets that you have seen from time to time over the past decade. Photo 1: Amrita Shergil and her niecePhoto 2: Still from a 1940s film Photo 3: Derry Drama Group, 1947Photo 4: Still from Midnight's Children. Kerala PostThis post is in response to a reader request on tumblr.It's very basic, mostly limited to the 19th and 20th centuries, but covers some ground. here we are!Although the "set-mundu", consisting of two pieces of cloth, is considered the traditional garment of Kerala, in practice the lower half, the mundu alone, is common in many 20th century photographs.It is usually worn with a jacket like shirt and sometimes with a sari blouse as in the 1965 film Chemmeen. Typically, a mundu is a cream or off-white woven fabric with a border. While the border may be a simple ribbon, the festive version has a woven gold border known as kasavu. In this photo of the Travancore sisters and others, you can see three of the women wearing a top and shirt. Of the three sisters in the middle, Larissa on the left wears a neriyathu (upper body) as part of a half sari Such as the whole. Ragini wears a mundu and velvet jacket, Padmini on the right wears a half-sari common in Tamil Nadu (in the 1950s this was usually a silk skirt, georgette top and embroidered blouse ). Photo circa 1954 courtesy of Betsy Woodman. From left to right Ambika, Lalitha, Chandran, Ragini, Betsy's father, Padmini, Sukumari.