Local ventilation should only be considered a means of reducing chemical hazards when all else has failed. There are cost-effective ways to improve ventilation.
Use of appropriate fans
In addition to fans used for workstation ventilation, fans can also be used to remove hazardous materials from clothing stores. Open more windows to exhaust or blow polluted air outside. A few points should be considered
There should be no obstructions between the fan and the opening. Any obstruction will greatly reduce the desired effect.
. Air velocity should be low to reduce turbulence Different fans are used in the garment industry, some use industrial fans or wall mounted fans as shown in Figure 1. There are advantages and drawbacks to this type of fan. Industrial fans are very powerful and nearby workers can be affected.
Rotating ceiling fans can stir the sewn fabric, so be sure to control the speed.
. Contaminated air must not be blown in the direction of other workers heading for the opening.
. Care must be taken to ensure that the air emitted by a tailor’s workshop does not reach people outside the workshop.
Good lighting for quality products
Good lighting does not mean more light bulbs and more electricity consumption Natural lighting is often an option with light bulbs. And other elements of artificial lights should be well maintained. A good lighting arrangement is directly proportional to an efficient workforce
80% of the information absorbed from our environment comes from our eyes as senses Poor lighting means incorrect or inferior absorption of information, resulting in a drop in productivity. Eyestrain in low light can cause headaches and again reduce worker productivity levels
Understanding how we can arrange good lighting without increasing our electricity bills is imperative. First of all, it must be determined whether it is necessary to work with the existing lighting levels in the workplace. Lighting requirements depend on three main characteristics
. The work area environment
Nature of Task
• Worker’s Acuity of Vision
Sewers require light to be focused on the tip of the needle, so needle lights should always be installed. Workers packing clothes need more lighting. In many cases, packers work on special counters equipped with lights. The age group of the workforce is also an important factor in this determination. This means that older workers may need twice as much light as younger workers. Another way to identify gaps in lighting issues is to walk around the clothing store and observe the workers and their visual issues. Improvement programs may not have much impact if workers do not have enough vision.
Reporting Accidents and Incidents
Your responsibility requires that you are aware of potential hazards and properly report the process when you spot a potentially dangerous situation, such as an abusive customer. appropriate form
as required by law
If you have been injured on the job, you should call
Report injuries to management as soon as possible, within 24 hours of course
. Seek appropriate treatment for your injury.
Always work in a safe manner to avoid accidents in the first place. Ensure you have received adequate information and on-the-job training on the first aid facilities and services offered by the tailor, including
. Where to get a first aid kit.
Emergency Room. In Tailor Shop procedure for
Serious Incidents, full and up-to-date contact details of trained emergency responders – eg who should be called.
. Ambulance/doctor/nurse and what is the best way of contact, measures to evacuate the injured. People
Emergency Procedures for Disposal of Potentially Lethal Chemicals Commonly Used in the Garment Industry
. General Infection Control Precautions.
. Who to contact for debriefing/psychological support.
Always report incidents to management immediately. Each tailor shop should have a form that you (or a relevant person) and any witness can complete if possible, otherwise the form should cover the following areas
Event Description: What was the event that prompted this report?
. Nature of injury or illness: select the most appropriate description from a range of options What injury or illness resulted from the event?
. First Aid, Medical or Hospitalization: This section requires a description of the work performed to treat an injury or illness.
.Body parts affected: List the body part(s) that were affected by event
. Source of Injury: What exactly caused the person’s injury or illness? This could be a machine or another hazardous material, for example
. Possible causes of injury: How did the sources listed above actually cause the injury?
.Investigation: This asks a series of questions to find out why the person was hurt or sick.
• Notification Checklist: This checklist ensures that the issue has been contacted about .and asked if appropriate action has been taken by the authorities
. Preventive actions: Ask if any steps have been taken to prevent the incident from happening again.
.Witness Details: This section should be completed if anyone saw the incident happen. This is essential if any kind of legal action needs to be taken.
Fire Safety and Evacuation Plan
describes the duties and responsibilities of employees in the event of an emergency. Ongoing training is necessary to ensure that employees understand these duties and responsibilities.
Fire training allows personnel to confirm that they can perform these tasks safely and effectively in the event of repeated fires. This is also the time for them to demonstrate that they understand on-site defense strategies and that they can use your facility’s fire protection and evacuation facilities to protect those in their care. charge.
fire drills are excellent drills designed to test personnel responses to recurring emergency situations. They are also a test of your facility’s fire safety/evacuation strategy and employee training program. Not all fire drills have to go smoothly.
That’s fine, as long as employees and organizations learn from them and fix mistakes. Therefore, each exercise must be analyzed in order to solve the problems encountered. These issues may be caused by incomplete or outdated immigration/fire safety programs. Additional staff training may be required. The two basic elements of a
fire preparedness plan are:
An emergency action plan outlining what to do in the event of a fire.
2. A fire prevention plan describing how to prevent fires.
Conveniences and benefits of low-cost work
Conveniences and conveniences of work are never considered. Who cares about toilets, first aid kits, canteens or lockers? What do they have to do with the harsh authenticity of the production?
One answer is that the workforce cares. During each working day, workers should drink water or other beverages, eat meals and snacks, wash their hands, go to the toilet and rest to recover from fatigue. It can be difficult or easy, unpleasant or comfortable, a health risk or an aid to hygiene and nutrition. The basics of a factory show whether you care more about people or machines.
Another good reason is that the extra effort invested in better facilities is often worth far more than the time and money invested. Work-related facilities help workers overcome issues that are important to them Allow workers to voice their priorities for improvement and provide feedback. Amazed by the results.
Providing a hygienic and well-maintained sewing room indirectly shows your employees how much you care about them.
Small businesses can be communities with loyal employees, good working relationships and high morale. It can also be a place where workers seek the first chance to leave and care little for the owner’s success. What kind of initiative do you want? A range of low-cost equipment will help airlines retain their best employees.
Ensure the functioning of basic installations
Drinking water tanks must be made of materials that are easy to clean.
Even if the container is filled with fresh water, if stored for a short time, the water inside will become unsafe. So it must often be different. They should not be exposed to the sun or heat. Water dispensers in production areas are very beneficial from a hygienic point of view. They can be equipped with spouts or foam outlets and/or goosenecks or other outlets for filling cups. Fountains should not have sharp corners and be designed to avoid unnecessary splashing, and the outlet should be higher than the edge of the spillway to avoid sewage contamination. The spout should be covered to prevent the drinker’s lips from resting on it.
Drinking water tanks must be supervised by designated personnel. Containers must be made of an impermeable material. Containers should be fitted with suitable lids and stored in a cool place out of direct sunlight. The water should be changed regularly.
To prevent possible spread of infection, it is best to use disposable cups or provide each worker with a separate
cup and plan for regular cleaning. The provision of sanitation facilities is important for several reasons
Dirt and grime can be ingested and cause illness or disease, no matter how unpleasant and frustrating.
. Washing the face is essential when women have their period.
. The need to wash hands after going to the toilet for basic hygiene.
Sanitation is required by law in addition to the obvious basic needs. Customers often mark a company by the quality of its sanitary facilities.
The workplace should have a sufficient number of sanitary facilities and each facility should be conveniently located
to avoid long distances, waiting times and hindrances.
Land laws should be monitored, but here are the minimum requirements:
. Up to 5 males need one toilet, 6-40 males need two toilets.
. A single toilet can accommodate up to 5 women, and two toilets can accommodate 6 to 30 women.
One sink for 15 workers.
. Ideally, separate toilets for men and women. It must have the following characteristics:
. Toilet bowls must be free of stains or odors and have functional characteristics
Washroom walls should be clean and tiles free of stains
. Toilet ceilings should be free of cobwebs and dust
. Floors should be clean and safe (no broken tiles or slippery surfaces).
. Adequate lighting must be provided in the toilets.
.If water resources are limited in the area, the toilets should have a constant supply of water, which should be stored in containers and renewed periodically.
. Washrooms must provide mirrors and trash cans.
Soap and toilet paper should be provided.
. Toilets must offer complete privacy to users and must be sufficiently ventilated.
Occupational safety signs
Health and safety signs
The signs inform and illustrate safety and health at work by means of signs, colours, light or sound signals, sounds or gestures. Some important signs that can be used in the store are: